Central protagonist of the Cretan myths is the king of Knossos, Minos who was son of the king of gods Zeus and of nymph Europe. The tradition of the myth of Minos has two versions: the first, the Homeric and Hesiodian tradition have only positive judges for the Cretan king (wise and fair governor, god-inspired legislator, divine judge of the underworld, civilised). The other tradition by the attic tragic poets presents Minos as violent, unfair and tyrannical in order to project Athenian Theseus. The same treatment has been reserved by attic tragic tradition as well as for the women of Cretan royal family (i.e. immorality and unrighteous loves of Pasiphae and Phaidra etc.). However, in philosopher’s Plato work as well as in ancient people’s memory, but also of the subsequent ones, and for many centuries the myth of good Minos was popular, the one of special loving by his father and father of Gods, Zeus.
Dr Andonis Vasilakis